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Saturday, August 6, 2011

GLYCERINE (LYRICAHOLIC VOL. / XI)


Perdonadme que me ponga un poco "químico"...en el fondo todo en esta vida se reduce a la "Química"y a reacciones químicas, por esta razón me he tirado media vida estudiándola y me fascina.



El 1,2,3 propanotriol, glicerol o glicerina (C3H8O3) (del griego γλυκος glykos, dulce) es un alcohol con tres grupos hidroxilos (–OH), por lo que podemos representar la molécula como:

[EN] Forgive me for being a little bit "chemical" ... basically everything in life boils down to "chemistry" and chemical reactions, which is why I pulled half my life studying it and I love it.

The 1,2,3 propanetriol, glycerol or glycerin (C3H8O3) (Greek γλυκος glykos, sweet) is an alcohol with three hydroxyl groups (-OH), so that we can represent the molecule as:


La glicerina es un líquido espeso (Densidad: 1.261 g/cm3, Viscosidad 1.5 Pa·s), incoloro, neutro, de sabor dulce, que al enfriarse se vuelve gelatinoso al tacto y a la vista, y que tiene un punto de ebullición bastante altoen concreto de unos 563 K (289.85 °C). Por ello se utiliza en laboratorio en pruebas, por ejemplo, de punto de fusión como baño calefactor dentro de un tubo Thiele.

Glycerin is a thick liquid (density: 1,261 g/cm3, viscosity 1.5 Pa s), colorless, neutral, sweet flavor that becomes gelatinous cool to the touch and sight, and has a fairly high boiling point specifically about 563 K (289.85 ° C). So it is done in laboratory tests, for example, melting and heating bath into a Thiele tube.


La glicerina es una sustancia muy curiosa, se disuelve en agua o alcohol, pero nunca en aceites. Por otro lado, muchos productos se disolverán en glicerina más fácilmente de lo que lo hacen en agua o alcohol, por lo que es, también, un buen disolvente.

Glycerin is a very curious substance, dissolves in water or alcohol, but never in oils. Moreover, many products will dissolve into glycerin easier than they do in water or alcohol, so it is also a good solvent.


La glicerina es altamente "higroscópica", lo que significa que absorbe el agua del aire. Por ejemplo: si dejas una botella de glicerina pura expuesta al aire, tomará humedad del aire y se convertirá, con el tiempo, en un 80% de glicerina y un 20% de agua. A causa de esta cualidad higroscópica, la glicerina pura al 100% puesta en la lengua puede causarte una ampolla, ya que es deshidratante. Diluída en agua, sin embargo, la glicerina suavizará tu piel.

Glycerin is highly "hygroscopic" which means that it absorbs water from the air. For example, if you leave a bottle of pure glycerin exposed to air, humidity and will become, over time, 80% glycerol and 20% water. Because of this hygroscopic quality, pure glycerine to 100% on the tongue can cause you a blister, since it is dehydrating. Diluted in water, however, glycerin softens your skin.


Pero si mezclamos ácido nítrico concentrado, ácido sulfúrico y glicerina obtenemos Nitroglicerina, cuyo nombre IUPAC es 1,2,3-trinitroxipropano. El resultado es altamente explosivo. Es un líquido a temperatura ambiente, lo cual lo hace altamente sensible a cualquier movimiento, haciendo muy difícil su manipulación, aunque se puede conseguir una estabilidad relativa añadiéndole algunas sustancias, como el aluminio. En disciplinas militares la Glicerina se utiliza también para enfriar los cañones de las armas de fuego. 

But if we mix concentrated nitric acid, sulfuric acid and glycerin get Nitroglycerin, whose IUPAC name is 1,2,3-trinitroxipropano. The result is highly explosive. It is a liquid at room temperature, making it highly sensitive to any movement, making it difficult handling, although there may be relatively stable by adding some substances, such as aluminum. In military disciplines, Glycerine is also used to cool the barrels of guns.
Pero no solo es una sustancia explosiva, también es un tipo de vasodilatador. Relaja los vasos sanguíneos e incrementa así el suministro de sangre y oxígeno al corazón. Este medicamento se utiliza para prevenir el dolor en el pecho provocado por la angina de pecho.

But not only is an explosive substance, is also a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels and thus increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. This medicine is used to prevent chest pain caused by angina.


Por último señalar algunas de  variadas y antagónicas aplicaciones de la Glicerina como son la elaboración de cosméticos como por ejemplo, jabones. La glicerina aumenta su detergencia, da blancura a la piel y la suaviza. Se puede encontrar entre un 8-15% de glicerina en la composición de estos jabones. Lubricación de maquinarias específicas. Por ejemplo, de producción de alimentos y medicamentos (por no ser tóxica), de petróleo, etc...Como anticongelante (bajo el punto de fusión del agua, por el descenso crioscópico). En elaboración de productos de consumo. Principalmente, se utiliza para preparar extractos de té, café, jenjibre y otros vegetales; fabricación de refrescos; aditivo (tipo tensioactivo comestible) para mejorar la calidad del producto. En la industria tabacalera además de poder ser uno de los excipientes de los líquidos empleados en los cigarrillos electrónicos. Debido a la elevada capacidad higroscópica de la glicerina, también es posible regular la humedad con el fin de eliminar el sabor desagradable e irritante del humo de tabaco. En la industria textil se utiliza como suavizante, proporcionando elasticidad y suavidad a las telas, mientras que en la industria del cuero. Se añade a disoluciones acuosas de cloruro de bario con el fin de preservar las pieles. También se añade a emulsiones de cera para curtirlas.

Finally note some varied and conflicting applications such as glycerine in cosmetics such as soaps. Glycerin increases detergency give whiteness to the skin and softens. Can be found between 8-15% glycerin in the composition of these soaps. Specific machinery lubrication. For example, production of food and drugs (not to be toxic), oil, etc ... As antifreeze (low melting point of water by the cryoscopic descent). In developing consumer products. Mainly used for preparing tea extracts, coffee, ginger and other vegetables, manufacture of soft drinks; additive (edible surfactant type) to improve product quality. In addition to the tobacco industry to be one of the excipients of the liquids used in electronic cigarettes. Due to the high hygroscopic capacity of glycerin is also possible to regulate the humidity in order to eliminate the unpleasant taste and irritating smoke snuff. In the textile industry as a softener is used, providing elasticity and softness to fabrics, while the leather industry. Is added to aqueous solutions of barium chloride in order to preserve the skins. Also added to wax emulsions for tanning.


Por todo esto y más se entiende que Bush allá por el 1994 hiciera, con un gran estilo poético, este homenaje a la ya conocida sustancia, que incluyo en esta edición un poco especial de "LYRICAHOLIC"...don't let the days go by.

For all this and more is understood that Bush did back in 1994, with a great poetic style, this tribute to the known substance, included in this issue a bit special "LYRICAHOLIC" ... don't let the days go by.




BUSH - "Glycerine" 



Must be your skin that I'm sinkin' in
Must be for real cause now I can feel
and I didn't mind
it's not my kind
not my time to wonder why
everything's gone white
and everything's grey
now your here now you away
I don't want this
remember that
I'll never forget where your at
don't let the days go by
glycerine


I'm never alone
I'm alone all the time
are you at one
or do you lie
we live in a wheel
where everyone steals
but when we rise it's like strawberry fields


If I treated you bad
you bruise my face
couldn't love you more
you got a beautiful taste
don't let the days go by
could have been easier on you
I coudn't change though I wanted to
could have been easier by three
our old friend fear and you and me
glycerine (repeat)
don't let the days go by
glycerine


I needed you more
when we wanted us less
I could not kiss just regress
it might just be
clear simple and plain
that's just fine
that's just one of my names
don't let the days go by
could've been easier on you
glycerine

 

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